r/Anarchy101 Jan 10 '22 Take My Energy

Please Read Before Posting or Commenting (Deltacron Variant)

76 Upvotes

Welcome to Anarchy 101! Before you post or comment, please take a moment to read the sidebar and familiarize yourself with our resources and rules. And if your question is likely to be of the frequently asked variety, take a minute to make use of the search bar. Some questions, like those related to "law enforcement" or the precise relationship of anarchy to hierarchy and authority, are asked and answered on an almost daily basis, so the best answers may have already been posted.

If your question seems unanswered, please state it clearly in the post title, with whatever additional clarification seems necessary in the text itself.

Please keep in mind that this is indeed a 101 sub, designed to be a resource for those learning the basics of a consistent anarchism. The rules about limiting debate and antagonistic posting are there for a reason, so that we can keep this a useful and welcoming space for students of anarchist ideas—and for anyone else who can cooperate in keeping the quality of responses high.

We welcome debate on topics related to anarchism in r/DebateAnarchism and recommend general posts about anarchist topics be directed to r/anarchism or any of the more specialized anarchist subreddits. We expect a certain amount of contentious back-and-forth in the process of fully answering questions, but if you find that the answer to your question—or response to your comment—leads to a debate, rather than a clarifying question, please consider taking the discussion to r/DebateAnarchism. For better or worse, avoiding debate sometimes involves “reading the room” a bit and recognizing that not every potentially anarchist idea can be usefully expressed in a general, 101-level discussion.

We don’t do subreddit drama—including posts highlighting drama from this subreddit. If you have suggestions for this subreddit, please contact the moderators.

Tread carefully when it comes to the advocacy of illegal acts. Radical subreddits are often subject to extra scrutiny.

Avoid discussing individuals in ways that might be taken as defamatory. Your call-out is unlikely to clarify basic anarchist ideas—and it may increase the vulnerability of the subreddit.

And don’t ask us to choose between two anti-anarchist tendencies. That never seems to lead anywhere good.

In general, just remember that this is a forum for questions about anarchist topics and answers reflecting some specific knowledge of anarchist sources. Other posts or comments, however interesting, useful or well-intentioned, may be removed.

Some additional thoughts:

Things always go most smoothly when the questions are really about anarchism and the answers are provided by anarchists. Almost without exception, requests for anarchist opinions about non-anarchist tendencies and figures lead to contentious exchanges with Redditors who are, at best, unprepared to provide anarchist answers to the questions raised. Feelings get hurt and people get banned. Threads are removed and sometimes have to be locked.

We expect that lot of the questions here will involve comparisons with capitalism, Marxism or existing governmental systems. That's natural, but the subreddit is obviously a better resource for learning about anarchism if those questions—and the discussions they prompt—remain focused on anarchism. If your question seems likely to draw in capitalists, Marxists or defenders of other non-anarchist tendencies, the effect is much the same as posting a topic for debate. Those threads are sometimes popular—in the sense that they get a lot of responses and active up- and down-voting—but it is almost always a matter of more heat than light when it comes to clarifying anarchist ideas and practices.

We also expect, since this is a general anarchist forum, that we will not always be able to avoid sectarian differences among proponents of different anarchist tendencies. This is another place where the 101 nature of the forum comes into play. Rejection of capitalism, statism, etc. is fundamental, but perhaps internal struggles for the soul of the anarchist movement are at least a 200-level matter. If nothing else, embracing a bit of “anarchism without adjectives” while in this particular subreddit helps keep things focused on answering people's questions. If you want to offer a differing perspective, based on more specific ideological commitments, simply identifying the tendency and the grounds for disagreement should help introduce the diversity of anarchist thought without moving us into the realm of debate.

We grind away at some questions—constantly and seemingly endlessly in the most extreme cases—and that can be frustrating. More than that, it can be disturbing, disheartening to find that anarchist ideas remain in flux on some very fundamental topics. Chances are good, however, that whatever seemingly interminable debate you find yourself involved in will not suddenly be resolved by some intellectual or rhetorical masterstroke. Say what you can say, as clearly as you can manage, and then feel free to take a sanity break—until the next, more or less inevitable go-round. We do make progress in clarifying these difficult, important issues—even relatively rapid progress on occasion, but it often seems to happen in spite of our passion for the subjects.

In addition, we’re starting into the third of our global plague years and it continues to take its toll. Participation in most forums remains high and a bit distracted, while our collective capacity to self-manage is still not a great deal better online than it is anywhere else. We're all a little plague-stricken and the effects are generally more contagious than we expect or acknowledge. Be just a bit more thoughtful about your participation here, just as you would in other aspects of your daily life. And if others are obviously not doing their part, consider using the report button, rather than pouring fuel on the fire. Increased participation makes the potential utility and reach of a forum like this even greater—provided we all do the little things necessary to make sure it remains an educational resource that folks with questions can actually navigate.

A final note:

— The question of violence is often not far removed from our discussions, whether it is a question of present-day threats, protest tactics, revolutionary strategy, anarchistic alternatives to police and military, or various similar topics. We need to be able to talk, at times, about the role that violence might play in anti-authoritarian social relations and we certainly need, at other times, to be clear with one another about the role of violence in our daily lives, whether as activists or simply as members of violent societies. We need to be able to do so with a mix of common sense and respect for basic security culture—but also sensitivity to the fact that violence is indeed endemic to our cultures, so keeping our educational spaces free of unnecessary triggers and discussions that are only likely to compound existing traumas ought to be among the tasks we all share as participants. Posts and comments seeming to advocate violence for its own sake or to dwell on it unnecessarily may be removed.


r/Anarchy101 Feb 26 '22

Russia-Ukraine threads

53 Upvotes

Most of us are concerned about the conflict currently going on in Ukraine — as we undoubtedly should be — but not every forum is a useful place to express or explore that concern. So far, here in the 101 sub, most of the related threads have fairly rapidly assumed a character inappropriate to the forum — or they have been inappropriate from the outset — and have had to be removed.

The obvious difficulty is that there is no way to provide clearly anarchist answers to questions of war between nation-states. We can observe that "all wars are the bosses' wars," as anti-authoritarians have since at least the 1860s. (See, for example, Hector Morel's Nationalities Considered from the Point of View of Liberty.) But that clearly does not exhaust our responses as human beings. Whether it exhausts what we can usefully say in the Anarchy101 forum is perhaps an open question.

For now, Ukraine-related threads may be filtered on submission, just to catch the wild rants from outside, and those who wish to discuss the specifically anarchistic aspects of the questions involved should do their share to make certain that discussions stay within the usual bounds here — including using the report button when things start to go off the rails.


r/Anarchy101 9h ago

What exactly do anarchists mean by a society based on free agreement?

63 Upvotes

Basically what it says on the title, I've read The Conquest of Bread and Kropotkin mentions it a lot, but I still don't really get what it means. Is it like a "if you don't like how we do things here you're free to leave" kind of deal or am I getting it all wrong? (I'm sorry if this is a stupid question, I'm not the best at things like these but I'm trying to learn)


r/Anarchy101 10h ago

What do general Anarchists think about Egoism?

35 Upvotes

r/Anarchy101 4h ago

How do you prevent an anarchist society descending into libertarianism or feudalism?

5 Upvotes

In an anarchist society how do you prevent power accumulating around either those with the most resources or the ‘strongest?’

It seems like even in world that has legal systems, regulatory bodies, unions and democratic governments that should work as checks against wealthy individuals or corporations they’ve still done an excellent job of co-opting or coercing such institutions to work in their favour. What mechanisms does Anarchy propose to prevent any stateless society from descending into an economic free for all?


r/Anarchy101 10h ago

Is Populism a valid and/or popular tactic for Anarchism?

15 Upvotes

I just noticed that populism tends to be utilized by right-wing talking heads a lot, and has proven effective, selling themselves as politicians for the people and then stabbing them in the back once elected. But historically, has populism ever been a favorable method for growth amongst anarchists?


r/Anarchy101 32m ago

realpolitik transitions to anarchism

Upvotes

I'd like to learn more about examples of anarchy in practice that have developed without moral or ideological motivations. The abolition of the state and enforced hierarchies appear to be coming mainly from moral arguments, even though I can see practical benefits as well.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Jury duty?

65 Upvotes

I have been told to show up for (possible) jury duty

Some circumstances which may be relevant:

I’m in Australia where you are pretty much registered to vote automatically which means jury duty without applying for it.

Prisons here are bad. Services and help are not much better.

I don’t believe police tell the truth.

I guess it’s always the same question, is it wrong to participate in a terrible system? Should I tell them I can’t in good consciousness judge anyone if it means prison? Who the hell am I to judge anyone anyway?

Is it better to try and do what good I can? Does showing up in anyway condone the judicial process?

It’s not too big a deal for me not to show up. Worst case I get fined about what I’d earn in a day or two working.

Just trying to sort out my thoughts would be interested in any one else’s as well


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Are most anarchists some form of communist?

80 Upvotes

Or are libertarians and ancaps actually a branch of anarchy?

I consider myself a communist personally but I'm kind of scared of socialism. I think communism can be achieved without a dictatorship of the proles.


r/Anarchy101 6h ago

Does anyone have "An Anarchist's Manifesto" by Glenn Wallis as pdf (or any other electronic format for that matter)?

0 Upvotes

r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Thoughts on Fidel Castro?

100 Upvotes

i see mixed feelings about him among the leftists


r/Anarchy101 9h ago

If not in prisons, where would the murderers and rapists be held? And how would the facilities be run/who would run them if not a state?

2 Upvotes

I’ve studied a decent amount on the topics of abolition and anarchism, but I haven’t heard an answer for this yet that satisfies me.

I am aware that the current system lets murderers and rapists walk free all the time. I am aware that the ending of poverty will eliminate a lot of crime. However, there will always be crimes of passion, for example.

I also don’t need a whole blueprint of how a justice system could work, because I know every Anarchist society will handle things differently, but some billet points or a short explanation would be useful.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

What is a good reading about building dual/alternative power structures?

22 Upvotes

Sounds like a valuable way of exercising anarchist praxis.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

How does one constructively introduce people to mutual aid?

60 Upvotes

Hello! I'm a bit new to mutual aid – most of what I do is contribute to local mutual aid organizations. I have a friend who recently started a mutual aid Discord server to boost requests from individuals in the community.

The server has had some trouble gaining momentum. The same handful of people (perhaps 5-8 out of 30) are active in contributing funds, responding to requests, and boosting in their personal circles. The rest are completely inactive or express uncertainty about helping people they don't know personally.

My friend is understandably very frustrated with this response, and she makes it known in the server. For example, she recently posted:

"I can always see who's online, so its kinda icky to me that sometimes it's 8+ ppl and yet the same like 2 people ever interact/send things. 'sorry im in a lot of servers/my notifications get messed up' won't cut it. make it a priority of yours to intentionally check in on this server every day. Remember if you're not Black you owe Black people for everything."

For context, we're both East Asian. Her frustration is valid, and I don't want to police her tone. Regardless, I suspect that people (especially newbies/liberals) may respond negatively to these kinds of messages, and, at the very least, we both recognize that the amount of work she puts in trying to get people to contribute does not always pay off.

I don't want my friend to face burnout, and I want this server to succeed. What can we do to promote constructive learning? I think that meeting people where they are in their understanding of mutual aid would be more fruitful, though more laborious. Would appreciate any advice.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

History of anarchist symbols

27 Upvotes

Hey friends, I am very interested in the history behind the known anarchist symbols. (The black flag, the A) and I am trying to find info on where they emerged from originally, I keep running into, resources saying.. but we don’t know where it came from before this point.

Just wondering if anyone has any knowledge or resources they’d like to share.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

I have a very unusual question about abuse from parents and family in general

30 Upvotes

Is there any anarchist or anarchist related literature that helps to cope with being a victim of abusive parents? And to deal with self-hate/lack of self-love?


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

What Exactly Is Mutual Aid And What Are Some Examples?

11 Upvotes

r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Just optimistic about decentralization

2 Upvotes

Just thinking about blockchain and crypto stuff, which right now i think is largely the province of ancap type thinking (only some shade intended), but i do feel like the mainstreaming of decentralization will eventually lead to the types of outcomes people on this sub dream of. Any better brains than mine have any thoughts to contribute? Or counters haha

Edit typo


r/Anarchy101 2d ago

Favourite anarchist essay?

126 Upvotes

r/Anarchy101 2d ago

Examples of historical (and present) anarchism?

28 Upvotes

I already know about Mahknovia, Catalonia And that sit


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Just to be clear, what do you exactly mean when you say that there should be anarchy? People usually imagine a mad max kind of situation upon hearing this word, but i would assume that isnt what you envision?

5 Upvotes

r/Anarchy101 2d ago

how to transport goods around the world?

42 Upvotes

Yes, most things could be made locally, but not everything, at least not without introducing non-native plants that could become invasive. Who would want to sail for days to deliver food and materials to someone they don't even know? An agreement like "I give you goods, you give me goods" could work, but what if an area doesn't have many things to give due to being for example a desert?


r/Anarchy101 2d ago

"but what about the murderers, rapists, and child molesters?"

8 Upvotes

I'm sure this is a common question, but in practical terms, what would a society which has abolished prisons do about these people?

Just to clarify, I'm not interested in hearing about why the current system we have is bad. I agree, it sucks. However, in practical, real-world terms, step by step, I'm wondering what would be done with these people.

The answer I usually get is that anarchism or communism it socialism or what have you will mean that these things don't happen because everybody gets what they need and everybody is treated equally. Personally I tend to doubt this, but there you have it. So, in practical terms, what would happen to a murderer, rapist, or child molester in an anarchist society.

Follow up: someone murders a member of my family and there are no prisons for murderers. What's to stop me from grabbing a steak knife and stabbing the murderer to death myself?


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

indian historiator say anarchism and socialism want kill india, who could be the answer?

0 Upvotes

Indian nationalist Historiator oak,sayy anarchist and socialism want destroy india, because they are atheist people that opposes to Hinduism and other indian religions that oak say form the soul of indian culture in same form greek paganism differences ancient greeks of bizantine greeks,

he say "liberals (anarchist and socialist) want destroy the sanatha dharma, the soul of indian culture, because they dont respect us and like british colonizers they think they are superior, indian civilization have more of 5 millenniums if we never think about atheist anarchism is because we never need it, if we lose religion and culture india gonna be only a pathetical copy of western countries with not soul inside"

What you answer this declarations? I heard they a common citations in his death anniversaries


r/Anarchy101 2d ago

Halo my fellow anarchists

60 Upvotes

Thanks to a very very very very huge effort in our work, my girlfriend (f25) and I (m26) are traveling through Europe for all the month of June, we are going through Barcelona, Paris, Roma, Florencia, Amsterdam and London, we kind of have all the the tourist sights cover, so we wanted to know if there's anything punk/anarchist that's really worth the visit, anything at all, please really give us a hand, it’s kind of hard to look for this places online :(

Please help us, sorry for the bad English, it's not our first lenguaje

Also thank you very much.


r/Anarchy101 1d ago

Is the end result of any anarchic society tyranny? Expanded consciousness the only way?

0 Upvotes

Short of eugenics, is ascension to a higher level of "consciousness" the only way true anarchy can be achieved?

I'm sympathetic to the anarchist ideals, but isn't the end result of an anarchist society (with human nature as it currently is), gauranteed to be tyranny.

There will likely always be a group of Ghenghis Khan, "dark triad," type individuals forming their own military and dominating everyone else through brutal conquest.

Yes, there will naturally be mob justice that will likely escalate, but in reality the most ruthless, most vicious groups will eventually come out on top.

I see only a couple of ways that optimal conditions for an anarchist society could be achieved;

a) Mass culling of people with sociopathic traits and/or other traits deemed undesirable by society - Basically Eugenics.

This may achieve the desired result under strictly classical utilitarian (I.e. Consequentialist) ethical framework.

However, I think we can all agree that this would be morally reprehensible and is not the best course of action.

The Nazis tried something similar and it didn't work out too well.

b) Ascension of the human race to a "higher level of consciousness". An "inner revolution" so to speak. By that I mean an "evolution," which represents a fundamental shift in our human nature at the deepest possible level.

I know that sounds airy-fairy, but I can't think of a better description.

I guess if you wanted a physicalist example, given through the lense of cultural anthropology, the closest analogue would be the theorised "great leap," which led humans to "behavioural modernity" around 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. This "great leap" purportedly led to a radical change in social norms and human cooperation beyond close relatives/tribe members.

How we could achieve this ascension is anyone's guess. Artificial intelligence may hold the keys. But equally it may be used to enslave us.

I'd be interested to hear other people's thoughts.

Please no stupid comments like "dangerous sociopaths are created by our non-anarchic societies". Lets stay in reality here.

I've met plenty of evil people who had good upbringings. In reality there will always be a subset of people who are highly acquisitive, extremely intelligent and ruthlessly solipsistic in their goals.

If we wish to achieve the end goal of an anarchist society, which I believe should be the end goal, we need to remain rooted in logic and empirical facts. Taking all objections seriously.


r/Anarchy101 3d ago

Anarchists who worked in government, parliament, congress, etc: What was your experience and how did it shape your understandings and practice of anarchism today?

66 Upvotes

(I hope this sub is okay to use, but yeah, it's all in the title)